Minimally invasive techniques were developed to treat spinal disorders with less trauma to muscle tissue. Thanks to advances in technology, neurosurgeons can now treat more spinal disorders, such as degenerative disc disease, herniated discs, fractures, tumors, instability and deformity, without the difficulties of traditional back surgery. That means smaller incisions less than an inch long, reduced muscle damage, less pain, shorter hospital stays and recovery periods, less blood loss during the surgery and reduced risk of infection. Some patients are actually discharged the day they have surgery.
At The Texas Neurosciences Institute, minimally invasive spine surgeries utilize the latest technology. After small incisions are made, a tubular retractor system passes through those cuts and dilates muscle tissue back, creating a pathway to the spine without stripping away muscle. This allows neurosurgeons to see the spine with a surgical microscope. In addition to minimizing muscle tissue damage, this direct visualization is another big advantage of this approach.