Heart failure treatment program in San Antonio
At Methodist Healthcare, we offer a heart failure program that provides medical and surgical therapies for heart failure, including optimal medication management, infusion therapy, mechanical assistive devices and heart transplantation.
For more information about our heart failure program, please call Methodist Healthcare HealthLine at (210) 575-0355.
We provide comprehensive care for heart failure, including heart valve disease, at South Texas Heart Valve Center. We also offer surgical solutions for aortic aneurysm and other conditions that cause the aorta to function improperly at Methodist Heart and Lung Institute Aortic Center. Both of these specialized facilities offer advanced heart care on the campus of Methodist Hospital.
Our team at the Healing Hearts Advanced Heart Failure Program at Methodist Heart and Lung Institute are experts in heart care and heart failure management and can determine the best therapeutic strategy at every step of your disease process.
Our comprehensive outpatient education services assist you in knowing more about proper nutrition, medications, exercise and maintenance of your symptoms.
Understanding congestive heart failure
Congestive heart failure (CHF) occurs when excess fluid starts to leak into the lungs and/or other surrounding parts of the body. Normally, the pumping actions of the left and right sides of the heart complement each other, producing a continuous flow of blood. Heart failure may occur with both ventricles failing, although one ventricle may begin to fail before the other.
Causes of heart failure
Heart failure has many causes, including:
- Valvular heart disease: A leaking or blocking of the heart valves leads to an ineffective flow of blood through the heart. Over time, the heart will attempt to compensate for the problem by enlarging, eventually leading to CHF, heart attack, cardiac arrhythmias or cardiac arrest (heart stops beating). Valve replacements have improved the survival rate in patients with valvular heart disease.
- Cardiomyopathy: Cardiomyopathy describes a weakness in the heart muscle's ability to contract. This may result from the effects of long-standing hypertension, diabetes, alcohol abuse or multiple heart attacks, all of which can damage the muscle to the point that its pumping function becomes compromised.
- Viral myocarditis: In addition to irregularities of the heart beat (arrhythmias), this viral infection of the heart can result in poor cardiac muscle function. Viral myocarditis is one of the few causes of heart failure seen in young people.
- Severe anemia: This condition can cause heart failure in a patient with a very low red blood cell count. The heart will go into congestive failure as it attempts to compensate for the inadequate number of circulating red blood cells. Red blood cells are necessary for adequate oxygenation of the tissues.
- Myocardial infarction: This can cause sudden acute CHF in cases where a substantial portion of the heart muscle has become severely damaged. The lack of oxygen to the cardiac muscle results in poor contraction.
Heart failure symptoms
Heart failure symptoms show up in a variety of ways. It's important to speak with your doctor if you are experiencing:
- Shortness of breath during normal activities
- Persistent coughing or wheezing
- Fatigue and weakness
- Feeling of suffocation while sleeping or awakening in the middle of the night short of breath
- Sudden weight gain from fluid retention
- Increased heart rate
- Leg swelling and/or abdominal swelling
Heart failure diagnosis
Your evaluation will include a complete medical history and physical examination. Blood tests or a chest X-ray will be performed. Additional tests are used to determine the nature and extent of heart failure.
An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) can reveal evidence of a potential heart attack or other suspected heart abnormalities. Catheterization or angiography, which shows the inside of the coronary arteries, is sometimes recommended.
Heart failure treatment
With the information received from your tests, your doctor will determine the appropriate treatment plan for you.
Currently, medications are being used for outpatient treatment of heart failure. These medications include:
- Angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors: Helps relax blood vessels
- Diuretics (also called water pills): Increases the amount of water and salt removed from the body through urine
- Beta-blockers: Reduces blood pressure
- Vasodilators: Helps open blood vessels
- Digitalis: Increases blood flow throughout your body, helping to reduce swelling
- Anticoagulants: Prevents blood clots
In the case of advanced heart failure, inpatient treatment includes intravenous medications. Mostly, heart failure is a chronic condition that can be treated, but usually not cured. Heart failure can be successfully managed by taking medications and making healthy changes in habits, such as diet and exercise.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the process of removing and oxygenating the patient’s blood and returning the blood to the patient’s body. It is an advanced life support available to a patient experiencing acute failure of cardio-respiratory system.
Veno arterial (VA) ECMO which supports both heart and lung function, can be considered for patients with severe cardiac failure and a potentially reversible cause who meet the following criteria:
- Severe refractory cardiogenic shock on a moderate dose of two or more inotropes/pressors and/or use of other mechanical devices (balloon pump, etc.)
- One of the following: Urine output less than 30 milliliters/hour, central venous pressure over 16, or lactate over 4 millimoles per liter/hour