It's normal to feel anxiety from time to time. Maybe you're nervous about speaking in public, worried about a health issue or concerned about your finances. As troubling as it can be, occasional angst is not harmful. In fact, it can actually be helpful, serving as the motivation you need to tackle new challenges.
However, too much anxiety isn't healthy. It could also be a warning sign of an anxiety disorder or another medical condition that needs treatment. How can you tell the difference between the two? Here are some helpful questions to consider as you navigate your anxiety.
Is it normal to experience bouts of anxiety?
Yes, anxiety is a normal response that everyone experiences. It's actually part of what drives people. Anxiety can be a motivator. It makes you take that extra step, to accomplish the task or make a good first impression. It's a normal response to stressful events and change.
At what point does anxiety start to become a problem?
Anxiety becomes a problem when it's debilitating, and keeps you from functioning with day-to-day life. If your anxiety is keeping you from moving forward rather than motivating you, it may be a problem.
Are there different types of anxiety disorders?
There are many different anxiety disorders.
- Generalized anxiety is probably the most common. People with generalized anxiety get overly anxious about a wide variety of everyday things.
- There is also social anxiety, which is more of a performance-based anxiety. I see social anxiety a lot in high performers, CEOs and other professionals.
- Panic disorders cause people to have panic attacks. Sometimes these intense episodes of fear have certain triggers and sometimes they don't.
- Phobia disorders occur when very specific things cause anxiety, such as a fear of heights or spiders. You can also have anxiety about a medical condition you're facing. For example, if you've had heart attack, your fear of having another heart attack may be so intense that it disrupts your life.
Do anxiety disorders also cause physical symptoms?
If you have normal anxiety, your heart rate may pick up. You could get a little sweaty and have a bit of an upset stomach. When it starts crossing over into pathological anxiety, you might start having more headaches. You could also develop symptoms that resemble irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.
Could symptoms of anxiety signal an underlying medical condition – not a mental health issue?
There are several symptoms that could be mistaken for anxiety. If your blood sugar drops too low, it can cause you to sweat and feel shaky, which may be confused with anxiety. If your thyroid gland is overactive, you can sweat excessively and feel restless and nervous.
Irregular heartbeats and tachycardia, which is increased heart rate, can also present as an anxiety disorder. Dehydration often looks like anxiety because it increases heart rate and can make you feel lightheaded or dizzy. For women, hormonal imbalances can trigger anxiety as well as mood swings, insomnia and depression.
If you're having symptoms of anxiety, get a medical workup because it could be an actual physical condition that needs treatment.
Are anxiety disorders often dismissed as “just part of life”?
Anxiety disorders are very treatable, yet many people are not receiving treatment. It's important to think of anxiety and depression as real health problems, like diabetes, heart attacks and strokes, and start treating them as such.
How are anxiety disorders treated?
Treatment involves therapy, which can help you identify what's causing your anxiety and learn how to work through it, or a combination of therapy and medication. Together, medication and therapy have often been proven to have the best and most effective response in serious anxiety-based disorders.
An anxiety disorder is a health problem and it should be approached in the same way as other health problems. People with diabetes may try changing their diet or exercising before starting a medication. The same philosophy should be applied to anxiety. Medication does help but it's not the only solution.
Many medical problems worsen if left unchecked. Is the same true for anxiety?
Some anxiety – a more normal course of anxiety, like going off to college, getting married, having kids – will improve over time. These are normal expected anxieties that everyone experiences. Some people are not able to transition through normal anxiety and it begins to change the way they interact with the world. This is when it's important to have early conversations with a physician, family member or seek out a therapist.
Are there ways to ease anxiety before it becomes debilitating?
Find someone close to you that you trust and try to identify what's causing your stress. Is it work? Is it family? Is it not feeling organized? Talk about it and try to figure out how to mitigate that stress. Maybe that person is in a similar situation, such as a co-worker who has the same boss. Find out how they are handling it. Exercise is also a great way to boost endorphins and release tension and stress.
When is it time to seek medical help?
If you feel like your anxiety is causing you to pull away from friends and family and you're not doing the things you used to enjoy, you really need to start looking for help. If you're not able to find time to relax because you can't shut off your stress, you need to find a healthcare provider that can intervene and help you.
What is the first step?
Anyone struggling with anxiety should first talk to their primary care doctor and ask, "Am I worrying too much or is this normal?" At that time, they could have a physical, which would help rule out medical conditions that can present as anxiety. It's a good, safe place to begin. The first step is having the conversation.