Methodist Healthcare’s oncologists and hematologists are highly trained to diagnose and treat all types of blood cancer. We believe in providing patients with a multidisciplinary approach to cancer care, giving each patient a personalized treatment plan.

There are three main types of blood cancer, with each one greatly affecting the body’s ability to properly function.


Leukemia is a type of blood cancer typically found in blood and bone marrow. This cancer causes a rapid creation of white blood cells. These abnormal white blood cells are called leukemia cells and typically grow at an accelerated rate compared to a healthy white blood cell. The rapid production of unnecessary white blood cells prevents infected bone marrow from being able to produce the right amount of red blood cells and platelets. As the cancer progresses, leukemia cells can crowd out the healthy blood cells, causing serious health complications such as anemia.

Symptoms of leukemia include:

  • High fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Frequent infections
  • Night sweats
  • Bruising easily


Unlike leukemia, lymphoma affects the ability of the lymphatic system to function properly. The lymphatic system is responsible for the production of immunity cells, called lymphocytes or white blood cells. Additionally, the lymphatic system helps with the removal of excess fluids from your body. As the cancer progresses, the lymphatic system produces cancerous forms of lymphocyte cells called lymphoma cells. These cells ultimately impair the immune system.

Symptoms of lymphoma include:

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Abdominal pain
  • Trouble breathing
  • High fever
  • Significant weight loss


The last type of blood cancer is myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells. Plasma cells are important immune cells that protect your body from infections and diseases by producing powerful antibodies. Any form of myeloma creates abnormal plasma cells that produce harmful proteins that can cause kidney problems and shut down the body’s immune system.

Symptoms of myeloma include:

  • Fatigue
  • Bone pain
  • Nausea