COVID-19 update for moderately to severely immunocompromised patients
CDC guidance now recommends that moderately to severely immunocompromised patients receive an additional (third) dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna). If you have undergone anti-cancer therapy in the past year, you are within 1 year of stem cell transplantation or are receiving medications that suppress your immune system, you are encouraged to obtain a third COVID-19 vaccination shot. If you received the Johnson & Johnson single dose vaccination, please consult your doctor regarding next steps. You can schedule an appointment at any community vaccination site.
If you are within 100 days of a stem cell transplantation, we do not recommend that you receive a COVID-19 vaccination until you are cleared by your care team to do so. If you are currently on a clinical research trial, please contact your clinical research team for more guidance. Please contact your care coordinator if you have additional questions about receiving an additional COVID-19 vaccine shot.
Adult and pediatric transplant and cellular therapy program in San Antonio
Methodist Healthcare is proud to offer the only adult blood cancer treatment program, The Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital, offering, blood and marrow transplant also known as bone marrow or stem cell transplant, cell therapy and immunotherapy programs. Our medical team is a leader in cutting-edge cancer care, pediatric blood and marrow transplantation, and clinical research. We are dedicated to providing innovative treatment options for cancer and non-malignant disorders. We are determined to treat each patient and their family with compassion and respect.
- First in North America to be accredited by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy (FACT) and only accredited program in San Antonio
- Consistently ranks among the nation’s top transplant centers in one-year allogeneic blood and marrow transplant patient survival rates among all Texas transplant centers
- Methodist Transplant Institute physicians are certified to provide CART-cell therapy, a breakthrough treatment for patients with certain blood cancers, offering numerous innovative clinical trials for pediatric patients
As a member of the Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Network, we have access to a number of quality, infrastructure, training and research resources.
To schedule an appointment with the Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital, call (210) 575-7800 or the Sarah Cannon Pediatric Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital at (210) 575-2222.
Blood and Marrow Transplant 101
What is a blood and marrow transplant?
A blood and marrow transplant, also called a bone marrow or stem cell transplant, is a procedure that takes unhealthy, blood-forming marrow cells and replaces them with healthy ones. A blood and marrow transplant may be performed using stem cells from the patient's body or from a donor.
Blood and marrow transplant risks may include graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), organ damage, infection and infertility. Blood and marrow transplant recovery involves careful monitoring of your condition to check for infection or any other possible complications.
Blood cancer treatment
Several types of blood cancers are commonly treated with a blood or marrow transplant, including lymphoma, myeloma and leukemias. Blood and marrow transplants (BMTs) are performed for individuals with diseased bone marrow or for patients with cancer who are about to undergo high doses of cancer therapy that will damage their bone marrow.
Methodist Healthcare provides a full spectrum of cancer services, so patients with blood cancer can receive comprehensive care close to home.
Sarah Cannon Pediatric Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital
The Sarah Cannon Pediatric Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital offers the only Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program of its kind in South Texas. Additionally, it is one of the busiest locations for pediatric blood and marrow transplants in the U.S.
Our program is one of the most experienced in the nation, with extensive experience in treating benign hematological issues, and cell and gene therapy research. Our multi-disciplinary team includes long-term approach to care for pediatric transplant survivors. We work closely with Sarah Cannon Research Institute and accredited by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Cellular Therapy.
To refer a patient to the Sarah Cannon Pediatric Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital, please call (210) 575-2222..
The Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital
Located within the John E. Hornbeak Building on the campus of Methodist Hospital, the Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Methodist Hospital is one of the most preferred in the nation and performs more than 200 blood and marrow transplants every year.
To refer a patient to the Sarah Cannon Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program, please call (210) 575-7800.
Our affiliated clinics offer full-service care, which includes:
- Bone marrow biopsies
- Catheter placements
- Chemotherapy infusions
- Blood and marrow transplant evaluations and infusions
- Gene therapy
- CAR-cell therapy
- Blood and marrow transplant
Conditions that benefit from blood and marrow transplant
Blood and marrow transplants are often performed as a treatment for various diseases and conditions, including:
- Amyloidosis—An abnormal protein, called amyloid, produced in the bone marrow builds up in the organs.
- Aplastic anemia—The body stops producing an adequate amount of new blood cells.
- Hemoglobinopathies—A general term for blood conditions that affect the red blood cells.
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma—A cancer of the lymphatic system that impairs the body's capacity for fighting infection.
- Leukemia (acute and chronic)—A type of blood cancer affecting the body's tissue and bone marrow that inhibits its ability to fight off infection.
- Multiple myeloma—A cancer that forms in a type of white blood cells, called plasma cells, that is indicated by a multiplying of cancerous plasma cells.
- Myelodysplastic syndrom—A syndrome that results in immature, unhealthy blood cells within the bone marrow.
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma—A cancer of the lymphatic system indicated by tumors within a type of white blood cells, called lymphocytes.
- Testicular cancer—A cancer of the testicles, the male sex organs located inside the scrotum.
Types of blood and marrow transplants
Your transplant physician will discuss with you which type of transplant will provide the best clinical outcome. We routinely perform the following types of transplants:
- Autologous blood and marrow transplant—Stem cells are collected, stored and re-infused back to the same patient after high-dose chemotherapy and/or radiation treatments.
- Tandem autologous transplant—Also known as a double autologous transplant, this procedure requires the patient to undergo two planned autologous blood and marrow transplants within six months. Stem cells are collected once before the initial transplant and half are used for each procedure. The second transplant is performed after recovery from the first procedure.
- Allogeneic blood and marrow transplant—Stem cells are taken from one person and given to another. The patient receives stem cells from a matched or partially matched family member, an unrelated donor or umbilical cord blood.
- Umbilical cord blood transplant—This method uses stem cells, which have been collected from a clamped, separated umbilical cord following delivery. The stem cells are then processed and frozen until transplantation.
Blood and marrow transplant candidacy
A blood and marrow transplant requires a thorough consultation with your physician and a referral. Once patients are referred, the transplant team schedules the patient's first visit to the clinic. During that time, the patient and his or her family will meet their transplant physician and will spend a significant amount of time with other transplant professionals who will further educate the patient regarding the option of transplantation.
If the patient, family and transplant team determine that a transplant is the best option, the patient will undergo testing to complete the evaluation process. The type of transplant most appropriate will determine how quickly the procedure can be performed.
Private insurance, as well as Medicare and Medicaid, may provide coverage for blood and marrow transplants. Some costs may not be fully reimbursed. Financial coordinators and social workers will work with the patient to ensure he or she understands coverage benefits and help minimize out-of-pocket expenses by accessing various community resources.
Blood and marrow transplant recovery
Recipients of blood and marrow transplants are closely followed in the clinic on a daily basis after their operation to ensure there are no infections or rejections. The patient may still feel too weak to fully engage in normal activities for several weeks, but they are encouraged to continue participating in daily activities, as tolerated, to increase strength and energy.
Allogeneic transplant recipients are at risk for developing graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD). With this condition, the new blood and marrow stem cells begin fighting against, or “rejecting,” the patient's tissues. To minimize the risk of GVHD, patients are prescribed immunosuppressive or “anti–rejection” medications.
The chances of infection and rejection are highest during the first month after blood and marrow transplant when the medications taken to suppress the immune system are at their peak effectiveness. Patients may be required to wear a mask to limit the risk of infection that could lead to rejection.
Transplant patients are required to have routine follow-up visits. The frequency of visits will be discussed at the time of transplant. You will be informed when you are able to return to your oncologist for continued care.
All resources available to the patient and family pre-transplant, including but not limited to the oncology support group, social worker, dietitian, financial coordinator and hospital chaplain are also available on an unlimited basis post-transplant.
About Sarah Cannon Cancer Institute
Methodist Healthcare is part of Sarah Cannon, the Cancer Institute of HCA Healthcare. Our family of hospitals provides comprehensive cancer services with convenient access to cutting-edge therapies for people facing cancer in our communities. From diagnosis, to treatment and survivorship care, our oncology expertise ensures you have access to locally-trusted care with the support of a globally-recognized network.
Have cancer questions? We can help. askSARAH is a dedicated helpline for your cancer-related questions. Our specially-trained nurses are available 24/7 and all calls are confidential. Contact askSARAH at (210) 507-0941 or chat online at askSARAH.